Machu Picchu (aka Lost City of the Incas) is located in Cuzco Region of Peru. It is a 15th-century Inca citadel situated on a mountain ridge 2,430 metres (7,970 ft) above sea level surrounded on three sides by the windy, turbulent Urubamba River.
This citadel of cut stone is fit together without mortar so tightly that its cracks still can’t be penetrated by a knife blade.
Its still unclear whether the complex of palaces and plazas, temples and homes may have been built as a ceremonial site, a military stronghold, or a retreat for ruling elites—its dramatic location is certainly well suited for any of those purposes. Scholars are still striving to uncover clues of the mysteries of this marvellous masterpiece.
Machu Picchu was brought to international attention in 1911 by American historian and explorer Hiram Bingham.
More than 75,000 people visit Machu Picchu each year and explore the marvellous work done by the Incas.
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How to Get to Machu Picchu
The best and most famous way to get to Machu Picchu is by hiking. Most of the hikers follow the route taken by Hiram Bingham (American historian and explorer) who first located this spot in 1911 in after hiking for six days.
There are many organized group which organize the classic four-day exploration package.
Some people also opt to take train ride from Cusco which only takes a few hours.
Alejandro Velasco Astete International Airport in Cusco is the closest airport to Machu Picchu.